Bleeding gums are a common problem that can affect people of all ages. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Plaque and tartar buildup: Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. If plaque is not removed regularly, it can harden into tartar. Tartar can irritate your gums and cause them to bleed.
- Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. It is caused by plaque and tartar buildup. Gingivitis is reversible if plaque and tartar are removed regularly.
- Periodontitis: Periodontitis is a more advanced form of gum disease. It can cause damage to your gums, bones, and teeth. Periodontitis is not reversible, but it can be treated to prevent further damage.
- Brushing too hard: Brushing your teeth too hard can damage your gums and cause them to bleed.
- Using a hard toothbrush: Using a hard toothbrush can also damage your gums and cause them to bleed.
- Ill-fitting dentures or other dental appliances: Ill-fitting dentures or other dental appliances can rub on your gums and cause them to bleed.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause can make your gums more sensitive and more likely to bleed.
- Certain medications: Certain medications, such as blood thinners and some antidepressants, can cause your gums to bleed more easily.
- Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and leukemia, can also cause bleeding gums.
If you are experiencing bleeding gums, it is important to see a dentist to determine the underlying cause and get appropriate treatment.
How to prevent bleeding gums
The best way to prevent bleeding gums is to practice good oral hygiene. This includes brushing and flossing your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time. You should also see a dentist for regular checkups and cleanings.
Here are some additional tips for preventing bleeding gums:
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush.
- Brush gently.
- Use fluoride toothpaste.
- Floss daily.
- Use a mouthwash.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
- Manage chronic health conditions, such as diabetes.
If you have any concerns about bleeding gums, be sure to talk to Dr. Wang at Jonathan C. Wang, DDS Inc. He can help you to determine the underlying cause and develop a plan to prevent further problems.